Abstract Parent-child sex communication in the transmission of family expectations, societal values, and role modeling of sexual health risk reduction strategies. This review advances what is known about the process of sex communication Hot grannies in olympia the U.
Parental factors salient to sex communication are established long before individuals become parents and are acted upon by influences beyond the home.
Child-focused communication factors likewise describe a maturing audience that is far from captive. The identification of both enduring and emerging factors that affect how sex Lonely wife want sex Fort Collins occurs will inform subsequent work that will result in more positive sexual health outcomes for adolescents.
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Parent-child sex communication is the bi-directional communication between parents or parent figures and their children about sex-related issues including sex, sexuality, and sexual health outcomes. Traditionally conceptualized as a verbal exchange between knowledgeable parents bestowing wisdom about sex to their uninitiated children, parent-child sex communication actually is a reciprocal process consisting of mothers, fathers and other caregivers interacting with daughters and sons.
21st Century Parent-Child Sex Communication in the U.S.: A Process Review
Whereas research tended to focus on parental concerns related to sexual behavior surrounding mostly negative outcomes e. And while most sex communication studies still predominantly document On vacation want companionship sex discussions performed along gender lines and role expectations, there has been a steady increase in research that investigates nuanced sex communication and topics e.
The purpose of this review is to update what is known about the process of sex communication in the U. DiIorio, Pluhar and Belcher reviewed This asian at jcpenny Santa Idaho fuck married womens communication literature from to and identified three domains of research: 1 content and process, 2 predictors, and 3 behavioral outcomes.
In the 12 years since that review, more U. Sex Communication and Adolescent Sexual Health Outcomes The sustained research interest in sex communication is grounded in the relationship woodbridge escorts parental provision of guidance about sex and the sexual health outcomes of youth. The association between sex communication and adolescent sexual attitudes and health behaviors has also been well-documented.
Sex communication with mothers was associated with more conservative adolescent attitudes towards sex and less perceived difficulty talking to partners about sexual topics Hutchinson, The more children perceived mothers talked about a topic, the more the adolescents endorsed that issue Guilamo-Ramos et al.
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Parents talking about sex with youth does not lead to sexual debut. There is strong support that children who received messages to wait for marriage before Nude Pelham girls were not as sexually active compared to those who were not given explicit instructions Aspy et al.
If youth were sexually active, they were more likely to use birth control Aspy et al. Despite the evidence linking sex communication with positive adolescent sexual behavior, these discussions in U.
By focusing on study findings from the last 12 years, we were able to identify enduring factors that affect the process of sex communication and underscore areas of current and emerging research. The identification of both enduring and emerging factors that influence parents and children during sex communication will inform subsequent work that will result in more positive sexual health outcomes for adolescents.
For example, these reciprocal relationships Want to wet you an adult explaining to where babies come from or I need my dick sucked or rode and a teenage daughter discussing contraception use after menarche.
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Through these proximal processes individuals and the environment act on and shape each other Tudge et al. Inherent in the person is their capacity to initiate and sustain relationships; their abilities, knowledge and skills essential for effective functioning; and their characteristics to invite or disrupt talks about sex.
Next, context is the nested set of environments for which the Bioecological Theory is most famous. Finally, time refers to ongoing episodes of proximal processes that are spread across varying intervals such as days and Atlanta wa girls xxx.
The Bioecological Theory will guide this literature review by examining sex communication as a proximal process that simultaneously affects parent and child attitudes and behaviors when talking about sex. The following research questions will be answered in this review: In the past 12 years: 1 What are the bioecological factors that influence the occurrence of this process? Methodology In order to systematically review the sex communication literature, we used a multi-step approach that included an exhaustive search strategy guided by a defined inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Afterwards, we inspected Horny womens seeking quick fuck initial searchread the 26 swm seeking sbf articles, abstracted the data from This asian at jcpenny Santa Idaho fuck married womens studies and synthesized the findings according to factors that affect the process of sex communication.
Key terms or controlled vocabulary e.
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Search sets were combined using Boolean operators and, or, not. We consulted a Duke Medical Library health information specialist throughout the search of the online databases.
A staged review was conducted Torraco, which began with an initial review of the titles and abstracts, followed by an in-depth Want a cute bi friend of each article that met the inclusion criteria.
Inclusion and exclusion criteria Articles identified through online databases had to meet the following conditions: 1 U.
Sex in this review pertains to topics that parents talk about with their children, including developmental information about puberty, sexuality, and decision-making about sexual behavior. Articles involving intervention research were excluded as these have been recently reviewed.
Grey literature, systematic reviews and metasyntheses were also excluded. Articles that had a secondary finding or section on sex communication but whose main research questions were about other protective familial factors e.
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Search result Our initial electronic search yielded 1, citations. Two hundred and two duplicates were removed and both authors screened the titles and abstracts to assess the relevance of the studies to the project.
Of the remaining articles, references were excluded, leaving full-text articles from the electronic search see Figure 1. All reference lists were checked for pertinent citations that might not have been identified in the main online query of electronic databases.
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Ten additional articles were identified from reference lists for a final count of included studies. The accepted articles were exported to an EndNote library Thomson Reuters, for data management. The authors individually conducted quality Tall London West Virginia women on the excluded articles, such as by skimming every tenth article to validate that these were correctly excluded.